Wiki source for MorgansLinguisticNotes21Aug


Show raw source

===== Morgan's Linguistic Notes 21 Aug 2017 =====

=== how linguists work ===
- Language change occurring. How to pronounce //antifa//: http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=34177
- aks => ask

=== on descriptive v prescriptive perspectives ===
In practice, the use of the passive is more varied than prescriptive perspective addresses.
- [[http://www.lel.ed.ac.uk/~gpullum/passive_loathing.html | Fear and Loathing of the English Passive]], Geoffrey K. Pullum (webpage)

=== UK/US pronunciation of veg and spice ===
http://www.oed.com


In complimentary distribution
- to'mato. /təˈmɑːtəʊ/, /təʊ-/, U.S. /-ˈmeɪtəʊ/)
- 'basil /ˈbazɪl/ US /'beisIl
- ore'gano UK:/ˌɒrᵻˈɡɑːnəʊ/, /əˈrɛɡənəʊ/, U.S. /əˈrɛɡəˌnoʊ/
- turmeric UK:/ˈtəːmərɪk/ US /‘tU-merik/
- cumin UK west: /ˈk(j)uːmɪn/, /'kewmin/ US /kUmIn/
- coriander /kɒrɪˈandə/ /'kɒrɪandər/

others in posible complimentary distribution
- tortoise /ˈtɔːtəs/, /ˈtɔːtɔɪs/, /ˈtɔːtɔɪz/, U.S. /ˈtɔrdəs/ [[http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/203686?redirectedFrom=tortoise#eid | here]]
- aluminium /ˌal(j)ᵿˈmɪnɪəm/, U.S. /əˈlumənəm/, /ˌæləˈmɪniəm/ [[http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/5889?redirectedFrom=aluminium#eid | here]]
- ubiquitous /juːˈbɪkwᵻtəs/, /jᵿˈbɪkwᵻtəs/, U.S. /juˈbɪkwədəs/. - and how prevalent is /t/ => /d/ in US [[http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/208516?redirectedFrom=ubiquitous#eid | here]]
- tuna /ˈtjuːnə/, /ˈtʃuːnə/, U.S. /ˈtunə/
- Tuesday. /ˈtjuːzdeɪ/, /ˈtʃuːzdeɪ/, /ˈtjuːzdi/, /ˈtʃuːzdi/, U.S. /ˈt(j)uzˌdeɪ/, /ˈt(j)uzdi/ [[http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/207270?redirectedFrom=Tuesday#eid | here]]

=== Pairs: clothing and apparel ===
These are singular items that are named as pairs, with terminal -s that does not signify plurality

- jeans
- pants
- panties
- trousers
- tights
- leggings. also come as separate items but are paired in wearing
- jeggings. named aligned with //jeans// rather than //leggings//. Invented term. Marketing register.
- underpants
- pantaloons
- knickers
- knickerbockers

but

- jockstrap or athletic strap
- g-string
- thong

and
- bra But see OED [[http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/22355?rskey=ibZzoL&result=2#eid | here]]. brassiere.
- shirt
- undershirt
- slip
- camisole
- chemise

A speculation; //bra// is categorized more as a shirt-like article of clothing that covers the upper body than a paired article that covers limbs, hands, feet, arms.

We can test that the object is a singular even when the word ends in -s because we form thr plural by adding -s on pair
- //five pairs of// jeans

This tells us that the -s of //jeans// is a different morpheme than the pluralizing -s.

these come as separate items but are worn in pairs. They follow sense of pairedness.
- greaves
- socks
- shoes
- gloves
- gaiters
- mittons
- boots
- sandels
- nylons
- chaps

others

Most are like clothing in that they are //worn//
- glasses (and derivs: binoculars)
- headphone
- earphones
- earbuds

=== Corpora ===
- [[http://micase.elicorpora.info/ | MICUSP Simple]]
- [[http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/micase/ | Micase Online Home Page]]
- [[https://corpus.byu.edu | BYU Corpora List]]
- [[https://corpus.byu.edu/coca/ | COCA]]\
- [[https://corpus.byu.edu/time/ Time corpus]]


----
----
CategoryNotes
CategoryLinguistics'
Valid XHTML :: Valid CSS: :: Powered by WikkaWiki